Adopting a historically defensible definition of “algebra,” we will begin by exploring a few examples of algebra prior toal-Khwarizmi. We will then examine what algebra became through al-Khwarizmi’s work. In conclusion, we will assess thehistorical importance of al-Khwarizmi’s contributions for developments in European algebra.
Jongsma, Calvin, "Al-Khwārizmī: Founder of Classical Algebra" (2013). ACMS Conference Proceedings 2013. 19.
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