Document Type


Publication Date

Spring 2019


The world today has the highest number of refugees ever recorded in history. At the end of 2017, there were 68.5 million individuals who were displaced across the globe due to persecution, conflict, violence, or human rights violations. There are three main categories of individuals within this statistic: refugees, internally displaced people, and asylum-seekers. By the end of 2017, there were 25.4 million refugees in the world (the highest ever), 40 million internally displaced people, and 3.1 million asylum seekers (UNHCR). It is currently estimated that over half of the worlds refugees are children, and 28 million children have been forcibly displaced from their homes (UNICEF, 2016). The following sections will first examine what post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is and how it manifests and presents itself differently within children versus adults. Next, the prevalence of PTSD in refugee children will be discussed, along with comorbidity with other mental illnesses. Afterwards, risk factors, treatment methods, and protective factors will also be mentioned. Finally, children refugees are looked at through a biblical lens.


OVC220 - Violence Against Children, Dr. Scott Moeschberger