Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date

Spring 2022


Since the national Indian Independence movement of the 1940s, the Sepoy Mutiny has been ubiquitous as a romantic nationalist symbol. Among those immortalized by the Sepoy Mutiny is Rani Lakshmi Bai of of Jhansi, queen of the city of Jhansi in Uttar Pradesh. Her holding, passed on by her late husband, was threatened by British rule under ascendancy laws.1 Due to her tenuous position, Lakshmi Bai eventually joined the Indian rebels, becoming a recognizable heroine in folk tales and British imagination alike. Her image, formed by the Indian Independence movement of the 1940s, has many fictional iterations. Most, if not all, of these iterations mistake her as a driven Indian patriot when that is not actually the case.


This paper was delivered at the Phi Alpha Theta conference and was originally written for HIS335: Modern European Empires, taught by Dr. Elizabeth George.